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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_____________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
_____________________________________ 
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended April 1, 2018
OR 
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________
Commission file number 1-1370
________________________________________
http://api.tenkwizard.com/cgi/image?quest=1&rid=23&ipage=12236997&doc=12
BRIGGS & STRATTON CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_____________________________________ 
Wisconsin
 
39-0182330
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
12301 West Wirth Street, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin 53222
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
(414) 259-5333
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
____________________________________________ 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.        Yes  x    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
x
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
¨
 
 
Emerging growth company
¨
 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes  ¨    No x

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class
 
Outstanding at April 30, 2018
COMMON STOCK, par value $0.01 per share
 
42,665,299 Shares


Table of Contents

BRIGGS & STRATTON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
INDEX
 
 
 
Page No.
 
 
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 

2

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BRIGGS & STRATTON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)


ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
CURRENT ASSETS:
 
 
 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
$
56,165

 
$
61,707

Accounts Receivable, Net
 
259,472

 
230,011

Inventories -
 
 
 
 
Finished Products
 
309,716

 
265,720

Work in Process
 
119,856

 
102,187

Raw Materials
 
8,920

 
6,972

Total Inventories
 
438,492

 
374,879

Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
 
35,953

 
22,844

Total Current Assets
 
790,082

 
689,441

OTHER ASSETS:
 
 
 
 
Goodwill
 
164,213

 
161,649

Investments
 
50,224

 
51,677

Other Intangible Assets, Net
 
98,021

 
100,595

Long-Term Deferred Income Tax Asset
 
34,886

 
64,412

Other Long-Term Assets, Net
 
20,932

 
18,325

Total Other Assets
 
368,276

 
396,658

PLANT AND EQUIPMENT:
 
 
 
 
Cost
 
1,161,535

 
1,104,583

Less - Accumulated Depreciation
 
762,186

 
739,703

Total Plant and Equipment, Net
 
399,349

 
364,880

TOTAL ASSETS
 
$
1,557,707

 
$
1,450,979



3

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BRIGGS & STRATTON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Continued)
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 

LIABILITIES & SHAREHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
 
 
 
 
Accounts Payable
 
$
202,822

 
$
193,677

Short-Term Debt
 
131,556

 

Accrued Liabilities
 
157,895

 
136,701

Total Current Liabilities
 
492,273

 
330,378

OTHER LIABILITIES:
 
 
 
 
Accrued Pension Cost
 
197,749

 
242,908

Accrued Employee Benefits
 
21,787

 
21,897

Accrued Postretirement Health Care Obligation
 
29,547

 
35,132

Accrued Warranty
 
14,983

 
14,468

Other Long-Term Liabilities
 
38,754

 
25,069

Long-Term Debt
 
202,332

 
221,793

Total Other Liabilities
 
505,152

 
561,267

SHAREHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT:
 
 
 
 
Common Stock - Authorized 120,000 shares, $.01 par value, issued 57,854 shares
 
579

 
579

Additional Paid-In Capital
 
75,001

 
73,562

Retained Earnings
 
1,089,364

 
1,107,033

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
(280,546
)
 
(300,026
)
Treasury Stock at cost, 15,150 and 15,047 shares, respectively
 
(324,116
)
 
(321,814
)
Total Shareholders’ Investment
 
560,282

 
559,334

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT
 
$
1,557,707

 
$
1,450,979



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
4

Table of Contents

BRIGGS & STRATTON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
NET SALES
 
$
604,069

 
$
596,965

 
$
1,379,599

 
$
1,311,998

COST OF GOODS SOLD
 
473,796

 
462,194

 
1,090,196

 
1,029,299

Gross Profit
 
130,273

 
134,771

 
289,403

 
282,699

ENGINEERING, SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES
 
79,885

 
78,279

 
244,490

 
223,373

EQUITY IN EARNINGS OF UNCONSOLIDATED AFFILIATES
 
713

 
1,079

 
6,438

 
7,318

Income from Operations
 
51,101

 
57,571

 
51,351

 
66,644

INTEREST EXPENSE
 
(8,617
)
 
(5,521
)
 
(19,167
)
 
(15,159
)
OTHER INCOME, Net
 
1,079

 
844

 
2,483

 
1,679

Income Before Income Taxes
 
43,563

 
52,894

 
34,667

 
53,164

PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES
 
11,675

 
17,075

 
34,163

 
16,242

NET INCOME
 
$
31,888

 
$
35,819

 
$
504

 
$
36,922

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EARNINGS PER SHARE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.74

 
$
0.83

 
$
0.00

 
$
0.86

Diluted
 
0.74

 
0.83

 
0.00

 
0.86

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
42,064

 
42,076

 
42,108

 
42,217

Diluted
 
42,307

 
42,175

 
42,362

 
42,271

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DIVIDENDS PER SHARE
 
$
0.14

 
$
0.14

 
$
0.42

 
$
0.42





The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
5

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BRIGGS & STRATTON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)


 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
Net Income
 
$
31,888

 
$
35,819

 
$
504

 
$
36,922

Other Comprehensive Income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cumulative Translation Adjustments
 
4,349

 
4,646

 
7,596

 
(1,804
)
Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Derivative Instruments, Net of Tax
 
2,034

 
(577
)
 
3,081

 
2,191

Unrecognized Pension & Postretirement Obligation, Net of Tax
 
3,325

 
2,590

 
8,803

 
7,770

Other Comprehensive Income
 
9,708

 
6,659

 
19,480

 
8,157

Total Comprehensive Income
 
$
41,596

 
$
42,478

 
$
19,984

 
$
45,079




The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
6

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BRIGGS & STRATTON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
Net Income
 
$
504

 
$
36,922

Adjustments to Reconcile Net Income to Net Cash Used in Operating Activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and Amortization
 
43,756

 
42,177

Stock Compensation Expense
 
5,312

 
4,560

Loss on Disposition of Plant and Equipment
 
1,595

 
610

Provision for Deferred Income Taxes
 
24,744

 
7,574

Equity in Earnings of Unconsolidated Affiliates
 
(9,068
)
 
(7,318
)
Dividends Received from Unconsolidated Affiliates
 
9,810

 
8,186

Cash Contributions to Qualified Pension Plan
 
(30,000
)
 

Change in Operating Assets and Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts Receivable
 
(25,948
)
 
(110,978
)
Inventories
 
(62,780
)
 
(27,553
)
Other Current Assets
 
(3,430
)
 
584

Accounts Payable, Accrued Liabilities and Income Taxes
 
11,287

 
30,041

Other, Net
 
15,198

 
(11,269
)
Net Cash Used in Operating Activities
 
(19,020
)
 
(26,464
)
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
Capital Expenditures
 
(77,483
)
 
(48,780
)
Proceeds Received on Disposition of Plant and Equipment
 
339

 
1,014

Cash Paid for Acquisition, Net of Cash Acquired
 
(1,800
)
 

Proceeds on Sale of Investment in Marketable Securities
 

 
3,343

Increase to Restricted Cash
 
(9,053
)
 

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities
 
(87,997
)
 
(44,423
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
 
Net Borrowings on Revolver
 
131,556

 
62,300

Repayments on Long-Term Debt
 
(19,781
)
 

Long Term Note Payable
 
7,685

 

Debt Issuance Costs
 
(1,154
)
 

Treasury Stock Purchases
 
(8,710
)
 
(17,924
)
Payment of Acquisition Contingent Liability
 

 
(1,625
)
Stock Option Exercise Proceeds and Tax Benefits
 
3,943

 
4,751

Cash Dividends Paid
 
(12,007
)
 
(12,028
)
Payments Related to Shares Withheld for Taxes for Stock Compensation
 
(1,147
)
 
(1,739
)
Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities
 
100,385

 
33,735

EFFECT OF FOREIGN CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
1,090

 
(590
)
NET DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
(5,542
)
 
(37,742
)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, Beginning
 
61,707

 
89,839

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, Ending
 
$
56,165

 
$
52,097



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
7

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BRIGGS & STRATTON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
1. Description of Business and General Information
 
Briggs & Stratton Corporation (the “Company”) is a U.S. based producer of gasoline engines and outdoor power equipment. The Company’s Engines Segment sells engines worldwide, primarily to original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs") of lawn and garden equipment and other gasoline engine powered equipment. The Company also sells related service parts and accessories for its engines. The Company’s Products Segment designs, manufactures and markets a wide range of outdoor power equipment, job site products, and related accessories.

The majority of lawn and garden equipment is sold during the spring and summer months when most lawn care and gardening activities are performed. Engine sales in the Company’s third fiscal quarter have historically been the highest, while sales in the first fiscal quarter have historically been the lowest. Sales of pressure washers and lawn and garden powered equipment are typically higher during the third and fourth fiscal quarters than at other times of the year. Sales of portable generators and snowthrowers are typically higher during the first and second fiscal quarters.


Inventory levels generally increase during the first and second fiscal quarters in anticipation of customer demand. Inventory levels begin to decrease as sales increase in the third fiscal quarter. This seasonal pattern results in high inventories and low cash flow for the Company in the first, second and the beginning of the third fiscal quarters. The pattern generally results in higher cash flow in the latter portion of the third fiscal quarter and in the fourth fiscal quarter as inventories are liquidated and receivables are collected.

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and therefore do not include all information and footnotes necessary for a fair statement of financial position, results of operations and cash flows in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but also does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. However, in the opinion of the Company, adequate disclosures have been presented to prevent the information from being misleading, and all adjustments necessary to fairly present the results of operations and financial position have been included. All of these adjustments are of a normal recurring nature, except as otherwise noted.

Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year. The information included in these condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto that were included in the Company's latest Annual Report on Form 10-K.
2. New Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2018-02, Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. ASU No. 2018-02 allows a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. The guidance is effective beginning fiscal year 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact of this new accounting pronouncement on its financial position.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which simplifies how an entity is required to test goodwill for impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Step 2 measures a goodwill impairment loss by comparing the implied fair value of a reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. Under the amendments in ASU 2017-04, an entity should recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value; however, the loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The updated guidance requires a prospective adoption. The guidance is effective beginning fiscal year 2021. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact of this new accounting pronouncement on its results of operations and financial position.


8

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In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash. ASU 2016-18 requires that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Therefore, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective, on a retrospective basis, beginning fiscal year 2019. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact of this new accounting pronouncement on its consolidated statements of cash flows.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which is intended to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. Certain qualitative and quantitative disclosures are required, as well as a modified retrospective recognition and measurement of impacted leases. The guidance is effective beginning fiscal year 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact of this new accounting pronouncement on its results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, Financial Instruments-Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (ASU No. 2016-01). ASU No. 2016-01 enhances the existing financial instruments reporting model by modifying fair value measurement tools, simplifying impairment assessments for certain equity instruments, and modifying overall presentation and disclosure requirements. The guidance is effective beginning fiscal year 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption to have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Topic 606 also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to fulfill a contract. This guidance is effective beginning fiscal year 2019 under either full or modified retrospective adoption. The Company has begun its assessment of Topic 606 and has developed a comprehensive project plan that includes representatives from across the Company’s business. The project plan includes analyzing the standard’s impact on the Company’s various revenue streams, comparing its historical accounting policies and practices to the requirements of the new standard, and identifying potential differences from applying the requirements of the new standard to its contracts. The Company is in the process of identifying and implementing appropriate changes to its business processes, systems and controls to support revenue recognition and disclosures under Topic 606. Subject to the potential effects of any new related ASUs issued by the FASB, as well as the Company’s ongoing evaluation of transactions and contracts, the Company does not anticipate that the adoption of this standard will have a material impact on the company’s consolidated financial statements. The Company anticipates adopting Topic 606 at the beginning of fiscal year 2019 using the modified retrospective approach.


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BRIGGS & STRATTON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES


3. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following tables set forth the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended April 1, 2018
 
 
Cumulative Translation Adjustments
 
Derivative Financial Instruments
 
Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plans
 
Total
Beginning Balance
 
$
(21,497
)
 
$
971

 
$
(269,728
)
 
$
(290,254
)
Other Comprehensive Income before Reclassification
 
4,349

 
606

 

 
4,955

Income Tax Benefit (Expense)
 

 
(146
)
 

 
(146
)
Net Other Comprehensive Income Before Reclassifications
 
4,349

 
460

 

 
4,809

Reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Realized (Gains) Losses - Foreign Currency Contracts (1)
 

 
2,121

 

 
2,121

Realized (Gains) Losses - Commodity Contracts (1)
 

 
33

 

 
33

Realized (Gains) Losses - Interest Rate Swaps (1)
 

 
(80
)
 

 
(80
)
Amortization of Prior Service Costs (Credits) (2)
 

 

 
(314
)
 
(314
)
Amortization of Actuarial Losses (2)
 

 

 
4,696

 
4,696

Total Reclassifications Before Tax
 

 
2,074

 
4,382

 
6,456

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
 

 
(500
)
 
(1,057
)
 
(1,557
)
Net Reclassifications
 

 
1,574

 
3,325

 
4,899

Other Comprehensive Income
 
4,349

 
2,034

 
3,325

 
9,708

Ending Balance
 
$
(17,148
)
 
$
3,005

 
$
(266,403
)
 
$
(280,546
)
(1) Amounts reclassified to net income (loss) are included in net sales or cost of goods sold. See Note 8 for information related to derivative financial instruments.
(2) Amounts reclassified to net income (loss) are included in the computation of net periodic expense, which is presented in cost of goods sold or engineering, selling, general and administrative expenses. See Note 6 for information related to pension and postretirement benefit plans.



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BRIGGS & STRATTON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

 
 
Three Months Ended April 2, 2017
 
 
Cumulative Translation Adjustments
 
Derivative Financial Instruments
 
Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plans
 
Total
Beginning Balance
 
$
(30,313
)
 
$
1,216

 
$
(307,855
)
 
$
(336,952
)
Other Comprehensive Income before Reclassification
 
4,646

 
(778
)
 

 
3,868

Income Tax Benefit (Expense)
 

 
292

 

 
292

Net Other Comprehensive Income Before Reclassifications
 
4,646

 
(486
)
 

 
4,160

Reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Realized (Gains) Losses - Foreign Currency Contracts (1)
 

 
(368
)
 

 
(368
)
Realized (Gains) Losses - Commodity Contracts (1)
 

 
53

 

 
53

Realized (Gains) Losses - Interest Rate Swaps (1)
 

 
169

 

 
169

Amortization of Prior Service Costs (Credits) (2)
 

 

 
(618
)
 
(618
)
Amortization of Actuarial Losses (2)
 

 

 
4,763

 
4,763

Total Reclassifications Before Tax
 

 
(146
)
 
4,145

 
3,999

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
 

 
55

 
(1,555
)
 
(1,500
)
Net Reclassifications
 

 
(91
)
 
2,590

 
2,499

Other Comprehensive Income
 
4,646

 
(577
)
 
2,590

 
6,659

Ending Balance
 
$
(25,667
)
 
$
639

 
$
(305,265
)
 
$
(330,293
)
(1) Amounts reclassified to net income (loss) are included in net sales or cost of goods sold. See Note 8 for information related to derivative financial instruments.
(2) Amounts reclassified to net income (loss) are included in the computation of net periodic expense, which is presented in cost of goods sold or engineering, selling, general and administrative expenses. See Note 6 for information related to pension and postretirement benefit plans.
 
 
Nine Months Ended April 1, 2018
 
 
Cumulative Translation Adjustments
 
Derivative Financial Instruments
 
Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plans
 
Total
Beginning Balance
 
$
(24,744
)
 
$
(76
)
 
$
(275,206
)
 
$
(300,026
)
Other Comprehensive Income before Reclassification
 
7,596

 
(149
)
 

 
7,447

Income Tax Benefit (Expense)
 

 
137

 

 
137

Net Other Comprehensive Income Before Reclassifications
 
7,596

 
(12
)
 

 
7,584

Reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Realized (Gains) Losses - Foreign Currency Contracts (1)
 

 
4,537

 

 
4,537

Realized (Gains) Losses - Commodity Contracts (1)
 

 
65

 

 
65

Realized (Gains) Losses - Interest Rate Swaps (1)
 

 
(97
)
 

 
(97
)
Amortization of Prior Service Costs (Credits) (2)
 

 

 
(942
)
 
(942
)
Amortization of Actuarial Losses (2)
 

 

 
14,089

 
14,089

Total Reclassifications Before Tax
 

 
4,505

 
13,147

 
17,652

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
 

 
(1,412
)
 
(4,344
)
 
(5,756
)
Net Reclassifications
 

 
3,093

 
8,803

 
11,896

Other Comprehensive Income
 
7,596

 
3,081

 
8,803

 
19,480

Ending Balance
 
$
(17,148
)
 
$
3,005

 
$
(266,403
)
 
$
(280,546
)
(1) Amounts reclassified to net income (loss) are included in net sales or cost of goods sold. See Note 8 for information related to derivative financial instruments.
(2) Amounts reclassified to net income (loss) are included in the computation of net periodic expense, which is presented in cost of goods sold or engineering, selling, general and administrative expenses. See Note 6 for information related to pension and postretirement benefit plans.


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BRIGGS & STRATTON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES


 
 
Nine Months Ended April 2, 2017
 
 
Cumulative Translation Adjustments
 
Derivative Financial Instruments
 
Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plans
 
Total
Beginning Balance
 
$
(23,863
)
 
$
(1,552
)
 
$
(313,035
)
 
$
(338,450
)
Other Comprehensive Income before Reclassification
 
(1,804
)
 
3,056

 

 
1,252

Income Tax Benefit (Expense)
 

 
(1,146
)
 

 
(1,146
)
Net Other Comprehensive Income Before Reclassifications
 
(1,804
)
 
1,910

 

 
106

Reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Realized (Gains) Losses - Foreign Currency Contracts (1)
 

 
(421
)
 

 
(421
)
Realized (Gains) Losses - Commodity Contracts (1)
 

 
253

 

 
253

Realized (Gains) Losses - Interest Rate Swaps (1)
 

 
618

 

 
618

Amortization of Prior Service Costs (Credits) (2)
 

 

 
(1,855
)
 
(1,855
)
Amortization of Actuarial Losses (2)
 

 

 
14,289

 
14,289

Total Reclassifications Before Tax
 

 
450

 
12,434

 
12,884

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
 

 
(169
)
 
(4,664
)
 
(4,833
)
Net Reclassifications
 

 
281

 
7,770

 
8,051

Other Comprehensive Income
 
(1,804
)
 
2,191

 
7,770

 
8,157

Ending Balance
 
$
(25,667
)
 
$
639

 
$
(305,265
)
 
$
(330,293
)
(1) Amounts reclassified to net income (loss) are included in net sales or cost of goods sold. See Note 8 for information related to derivative financial instruments.
(2) Amounts reclassified to net income (loss) are included in the computation of net periodic expense, which is presented in cost of goods sold or engineering, selling, general and administrative expenses. See Note 6 for information related to pension and postretirement benefit plans.

4. Earnings Per Share
    
The Company computes earnings per share using the two-class method, an earnings allocation formula that determines earnings per share for each class of common stock and participating security according to dividends declared and participation rights in undistributed earnings. The Company’s unvested grants of restricted stock, restricted stock units, and deferred stock awards contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends (whether paid or unpaid), which are required to be treated as participating securities and included in the computation of basic earnings per share.

Information on earnings per share is as follows (in thousands, except per share data):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
Net Income
 
$
31,888

 
$
35,819

 
$
504

 
$
36,922

Less: Allocation to Participating Securities
 
(626
)
 
(821
)
 
(301
)
 
(776
)
Net Income Available to Common Shareholders
 
$
31,262

 
$
34,998

 
$
203

 
$
36,146

Average Shares of Common Stock Outstanding
 
42,064

 
42,076

 
42,108

 
42,217

Shares Used in Calculating Diluted Earnings Per Share
 
42,307

 
42,175

 
42,362

 
42,271

Basic Earnings Per Share
 
$
0.74

 
$
0.83

 
$
0.00

 
$
0.86

Diluted Earnings Per Share
 
$
0.74

 
$
0.83

 
$
0.00

 
$
0.86



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The dilutive effect of the potential exercise of outstanding stock-based awards to acquire common shares is calculated using the treasury stock method. The following options to purchase shares of common stock were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share as the exercise prices were greater than the average market price of the common shares:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
Options to Purchase Shares of Common Stock (in thousands)
 

 

 

 

Weighted Average Exercise Price of Options Excluded
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$


On April 21, 2016, the Board of Directors authorized up to $50 million in funds for use in the common share repurchase program with an expiration date of June 29, 2018. As of April 1, 2018, the total remaining authorization was approximately $21.8 million. Subsequent to the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2018, the Board of Directors authorized an additional $50 million under the share repurchase program with an expiration date of June 30, 2020.
The common share repurchase program authorizes the purchase of shares of the Company's common stock on the open market or in private transactions from time to time, depending on market conditions and certain governing debt covenants. During the nine months ended April 1, 2018, the Company repurchased 382,806 shares on the open market at an average price of $22.76 per share, as compared to 916,040 shares purchased on the open market at an average price of $19.57 per share during the nine months ended April 2, 2017.
5. Investments

Investments represent the Company’s investments in unconsolidated affiliated companies.

Financial information of the unconsolidated affiliated companies is accounted for by the equity method, generally on a lag of one month or less. The following table sets forth the unaudited results of operations of unconsolidated affiliated companies for the three and nine months ended April 1, 2018 and April 2, 2017 (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
Results of Operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales
 
$
78,271

 
$
77,174

 
$
234,664

 
$
227,922

Cost of Goods Sold
 
59,992

 
59,091

 
179,794

 
172,338

Gross Profit
 
$
18,279

 
$
18,083

 
$
54,870

 
$
55,584

Net Income
 
$
4,444

 
$
5,137

 
$
14,202

 
$
14,238


The following table sets forth the unaudited balance sheets of unconsolidated affiliated companies as of April 1, 2018 and July 2, 2017 (in thousands):
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
Financial Position:
 
 
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
Current Assets
 
$
152,729

 
$
157,117

Noncurrent Assets
 
47,842

 
54,748

 
 
200,571

 
211,865

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Current Liabilities
 
$
60,406

 
$
61,346

Noncurrent Liabilities
 
21,391

 
25,399

 
 
81,797

 
86,745

Equity
 
$
118,774

 
$
125,120


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The Company concluded that its equity method investments are integral to its business. The equity method investments provide manufacturing and distribution functions, which are important parts of its operations. Net sales to equity method investees were approximately $65.1 million and $75.9 million for the nine months ended April 1, 2018 and April 2, 2017, respectively. Purchases of finished products from equity method investees were approximately $86.8 million and $82.3 million million for the nine months ended April 1, 2018 and April 2, 2017, respectively.
6. Pension and Postretirement Benefits

The Company has noncontributory defined benefit retirement plans and postretirement plans covering certain employees. The following tables summarize the plans’ income and expense for the periods indicated (in thousands):
 
 
Pension Benefits
 
Other Postretirement Benefits
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
Components of Net Periodic (Income) Expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service Cost
 
$
601

 
$
1,689

 
$
34

 
$
48

Interest Cost on Projected Benefit Obligation
 
10,767

 
10,839

 
593

 
596

Expected Return on Plan Assets
 
(15,478
)
 
(16,107
)
 

 

Amortization of:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prior Service Cost (Credit)
 
45

 
45

 
(359
)
 
(663
)
Actuarial Loss
 
3,833

 
4,239

 
863

 
699

Net Periodic (Income) Expense
 
$
(232
)
 
$
705

 
$
1,131

 
$
680


 
 
Pension Benefits
 
Other Postretirement Benefits
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
Components of Net Periodic (Income) Expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service Cost
 
$
1,802

 
$
5,068

 
$
101

 
$
143

Interest Cost on Projected Benefit Obligation
 
32,301

 
32,517

 
1,779

 
1,787

Expected Return on Plan Assets
 
(46,434
)
 
(48,320
)
 

 

Amortization of:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prior Service Cost (Credit)
 
134

 
135

 
(1,076
)
 
(1,990
)
Actuarial Loss
 
11,499

 
12,718

 
2,590

 
2,097

Net Periodic (Income) Expense
 
$
(698
)
 
$
2,118

 
$
3,394

 
$
2,037



The Company expects to make benefit payments of $3.3 million attributable to its non-qualified pension plans for the full year of fiscal 2018. During the first nine months of fiscal 2018, the Company made payments of approximately $2.9 million for its non-qualified pension plans. The Company anticipates making benefit payments of approximately $10.1 million for its other postretirement benefit plans for the full year of fiscal 2018. During the first nine months of fiscal 2018, the Company made payments of $7.5 million for its other postretirement benefit plans.
 
During the first nine months of fiscal 2018, the Company made $30.0 million in voluntary cash contributions to the qualified pension plan. Based upon current regulations and actuarial studies the Company is required to make no minimum contributions to the qualified pension plan in fiscal 2018. The Company may be required to make further required contributions in future years or the future expected funding requirements may change depending on a variety of factors including the actual return on plan assets, the funded status of the plan in future periods, and changes in actuarial assumptions or regulations.

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7. Stock Incentives
 
Stock based compensation expense is calculated by estimating the fair value of incentive stock awards granted and amortizing the estimated value over the awards' vesting period. Stock based compensation expense was $1.4 million and $5.3 million for the three and nine months ended April 1, 2018. For the three and nine months ended April 2, 2017, stock based compensation expense was $1.7 million and $4.6 million, respectively.

8. Derivative Instruments & Hedging Activities

The Company enters into derivative contracts designated as cash flow hedges to manage certain interest rate, foreign currency and commodity exposures. Company policy allows derivatives to be used only for identifiable exposures and, therefore, the Company does not enter into derivative instruments for trading purposes where the sole objective is to generate profits.

The Company formally designates the financial instrument as a hedge of a specific underlying exposure and documents both the risk management objectives and strategies for undertaking the hedge. The Company formally assesses, both at the inception and at least quarterly thereafter, whether the financial instruments that are used in hedging transactions are effective at offsetting changes in the forecasted cash flows of the related underlying exposure. Because of the high degree of effectiveness between the hedging instrument and the underlying exposure being hedged, fluctuations in the value of the derivative instruments are generally offset by changes in the forecasted cash flows of the underlying exposures being hedged. Derivative financial instruments are recorded within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as assets or liabilities, measured at fair value. The effective portion of gains or losses on derivatives designated as cash flow hedges are reported as a component of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) (AOCI) and reclassified into earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Any ineffective portion of a financial instrument's change in fair value is immediately recognized in earnings.

The Company discontinues hedge accounting prospectively when it determines that the derivative is no longer effective in offsetting cash flows attributable to the hedged risk, the derivative expires or is sold, terminated, or exercised, the cash flow hedge is dedesignated because a forecasted transaction is not probable of occurring, or management determines to remove the designation of the cash flow hedge.

In all situations in which hedge accounting is discontinued and the derivative remains outstanding, the Company continues to carry the derivative at its fair value on the balance sheet and recognizes any subsequent changes in its fair value in earnings. When it is probable that a forecasted transaction will not occur, the Company discontinues hedge accounting and recognizes immediately in earnings gains and losses that were accumulated in other comprehensive income related to the hedging relationship.
    
The Company enters into interest rate swaps to manage a portion of its interest rate risk from financing certain dealer and distributor inventories through a third party financing source. The swaps are designated as cash flow hedges and are used to effectively fix the interest payments to third party financing sources, exclusive of lender spreads, ranging from 0.98% to 2.00% for a notional principal amount of $110.0 million with expiration dates ranging from May 2019 through December 2021.

The Company periodically enters into foreign currency contracts to hedge the risk from forecasted third party and intercompany sales or payments denominated in foreign currencies. Our primary foreign currency exposures are the Australian Dollar, the Brazilian Real, the Canadian Dollar, the Chinese Renminbi, the Euro, and the Japanese Yen against the U.S. Dollar. These contracts generally do not have a maturity of more than twenty-four months.
    
The Company uses raw materials that are subject to price volatility. The Company hedges a portion of its exposure to the variability of cash flows associated with commodities used in the manufacturing process by entering into forward purchase contracts or commodity swaps. Derivative contracts designated as cash flow hedges are used by the Company to reduce exposure to variability in cash flows associated with future purchases of natural gas. These contracts generally do not have a maturity of more than thirty-six months.
    
The Company has considered the counterparty credit risk related to all its interest rate, foreign currency, and commodity derivative contracts and does not deem any counterparty credit risk material at this time.

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As of April 1, 2018 and July 2, 2017, the Company had the following outstanding derivative contracts (in thousands):
Contract
 
Notional Amount
 
 
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
Interest Rate:
 
 
 
 
 
 
LIBOR Interest Rate (U.S. Dollars)
 
Fixed
 
110,000

 
95,000

Foreign Currency:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Australian Dollar
 
Sell
 
46,492

 
39,196

Brazilian Real
 
Sell
 
29,322

 
28,137

Canadian Dollar
 
Sell
 
16,495

 
14,725

Chinese Renminbi
 
Buy
 
100,345

 
74,950

Euro
 
Sell
 
44,412

 
31,240

Japanese Yen
 
Buy
 
678,250

 
570,000

Commodity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Natural Gas (Therms)
 
Buy
 
9,025

 
11,307

The location and fair value of derivative instruments reported in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets are as follows (in thousands):
Balance Sheet Location
 
Asset (Liability) Fair Value
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
Interest rate contracts
 
 
 
 
Other Long-Term Assets
 
$
3,705

 
$
1,852

Accrued Liabilities
 

 
(23
)
Other Long-Term Liabilities
 

 
(39
)
Foreign currency contracts
 
 
 
 
Other Current Assets
 
2,019

 
157

Other Long-Term Assets
 
84

 
31

Accrued Liabilities
 
(2,588
)
 
(3,050
)
Other Long-Term Liabilities
 
(325
)
 
(68
)
Commodity contracts
 
 
 
 
Other Current Assets
 

 
40

Other Long-Term Assets
 

 
1

Accrued Liabilities
 
(45
)
 
(22
)
Other Long-Term Liabilities
 
(24
)
 
(11
)
 
 
$
2,826

 
$
(1,132
)

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The effect of derivative instruments on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss is as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended April 1, 2018
 
 
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in Other
Comprehensive Income
(Loss) on Derivatives, Net of
Taxes (Effective
Portion)
 
Classification of
Gain (Loss)
 
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from
AOCI into Income
(Effective Portion)
 
Recognized in
Earnings
(Ineffective Portion)
Interest rate contracts
 
$
1,151

 
Net Sales
 
$
80

 
$

Foreign currency contracts - sell
 
289

 
Net Sales
 
(2,261
)
 

Foreign currency contracts - buy
 
566

 
Cost of Goods Sold
 
140

 

Commodity contracts
 
28

 
Cost of Goods Sold
 
(33
)
 

 
 
$
2,034

 
 
 
$
(2,074
)
 
$


 
 
Three Months Ended April 2, 2017
 
 
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in Other
Comprehensive Income
(Loss) on Derivatives, Net of
Taxes (Effective
Portion)
 
Classification of
Gain (Loss)
 
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from
AOCI into Income
(Effective Portion)
 
Recognized in
Earnings
(Ineffective Portion)
Interest rate contracts
 
$
214

 
Net Sales
 
$
(169
)
 
$

Foreign currency contracts - sell
 
(1,453
)
 
Net Sales
 
1,330

 

Foreign currency contracts - buy
 
786

 
Cost of Goods Sold
 
(962
)
 

Commodity contracts
 
(124
)
 
Cost of Goods Sold
 
(53
)
 

 
 
$
(577
)
 
 
 
$
146

 
$


 
 
Nine Months Ended April 1, 2018
 
 
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in Other
Comprehensive Income
(Loss) on Derivatives, Net of
Taxes (Effective
Portion)
 
Classification of
Gain (Loss)
 
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from
AOCI into Income
(Effective Portion)
 
Recognized in
Earnings
(Ineffective Portion)
Interest rate contracts
 
$
1,695

 
Net Sales
 
$
97

 
$

Foreign currency contracts - sell
 
405

 
Net Sales
 
(3,935
)
 

Foreign currency contracts - buy
 
1,038

 
Cost of Goods Sold
 
(602
)
 

Commodity contracts
 
(57
)
 
Cost of Goods Sold
 
(65
)
 

 
 
$
3,081

 
 
 
$
(4,505
)
 
$


 
 
Nine Months Ended April 2, 2017
 
 
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in Other
Comprehensive Income
(Loss) on Derivatives, Net of
Taxes (Effective
Portion)
 
Classification of
Gain (Loss)
 
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from
AOCI into Income
(Effective Portion)
 
Recognized in
Earnings
(Ineffective Portion)
Interest rate contracts
 
$
2,143

 
Net Sales
 
$
(618
)
 
$

Foreign currency contracts - sell
 
500

 
Net Sales
 
1,730

 

Foreign currency contracts - buy
 
(615
)
 
Cost of Goods Sold
 
(1,309
)
 

Commodity contracts
 
163

 
Cost of Goods Sold
 
(253
)
 

 
 
$
2,191

 
 
 
$
(450
)
 
$



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During the next twelve months, the estimated net amount of losses on cash flow hedges as of April 1, 2018 expected to be reclassified out of AOCI into earnings is less than $0.1 million.
9. Fair Value Measurements

The following guidance establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels:

Level 1: Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets.

Level 2: Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-driven valuations whose inputs are observable or whose significant value drivers are observable.

Level 3: Significant inputs to the valuation model are unobservable.
The following table presents information about the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of April 1, 2018 and July 2, 2017 (in thousands):
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements Using
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives
 
$
5,809

 
$

 
$
5,809

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives
 
$
2,983

 
$

 
$
2,983

 
$

 
 
July 2,
2017
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives
 
$
2,081

 
$

 
$
2,081

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives
 
$
3,213

 
$

 
$
3,213

 
$


The fair value for Level 2 measurements are based upon the respective quoted market prices for comparable instruments in active markets, which include current market pricing for forward purchases of commodities, foreign currency forwards, and current interest rates.

The Company has currently chosen not to elect the fair value option for any items that are not already required to be measured at fair value in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

The estimated fair value of the Company's Senior Notes (as defined in Note 14) at April 1, 2018 and July 2, 2017 was $220.2 million and $245.9 million, respectively, compared to the carrying value of $203.4 million and 223.1 million, respectively. The estimated fair value of the Senior Notes is based on quoted market prices for similar instruments and is, therefore, classified as Level 2 within the valuation hierarchy. The carrying value of the Revolver (as defined in Note 14) approximates fair value since the underlying rate of interest is variable based upon LIBOR rates.  

The Company believes that the carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables, and accounts payable are reasonable estimates of their fair values at April 1, 2018 and July 2, 2017 due to the short-term nature of these instruments.

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10. Warranty

The Company recognizes the cost associated with its standard warranty on Engines and Products at the time of sale. The general warranty period begins at the time of sale and typically covers two years, but may vary due, in general, to product type and geographic location. The amount recognized is based on historical failure rates and current claim cost experience. The following is a reconciliation of the changes in accrued warranty costs for the reporting period (in thousands):
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
Beginning Balance
 
$
43,109

 
$
44,367

Payments
 
(17,941
)
 
(20,349
)
Provision for Current Year Warranties
 
18,633

 
18,212

Changes in Estimates
 
961

 
237

Ending Balance
 
$
44,762

 
$
42,467

11. Income Taxes
On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted significant tax legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”). The Tax Act makes broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax code that will impact the Company’s financial statements, including but not limited to a permanent decrease in the corporate federal statutory income tax rate and a one-time charge from the inclusion of foreign earnings that the Company can elect to pay over eight years.

The SEC staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin 118 (“SAB 118”), which provides guidance on accounting for the tax effects of the Tax Act. SAB 118 provides a measurement period that should not extend beyond one year from the Tax Act enactment date for companies to complete the accounting under Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 740. In accordance with SAB 118, a company must reflect the income tax effects of those aspects of the Tax Act for which the accounting under ASC 740 is complete. To the extent that a company’s accounting for certain income tax effects of the Tax Act is incomplete but it is able to determine a reasonable estimate, it must record a provisional estimate in the financial statements. If a company cannot determine a provisional estimate to be included in the financial statements, it should continue to apply ASC 740 on the basis of the provisions of the tax laws that were in effect immediately before the enactment of the Tax Act.
In connection with the Company’s initial analysis of the impact of the Tax Act, a tax expense of approximately $24.2 million has been recorded in the first nine months of fiscal 2018. This amount consists of an expense resulting from the re-measurement of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the corporate tax rate reduction of approximately $17.7 million and an expense related to the inclusion of foreign earnings of approximately $6.5 million. The Company has not completed its accounting for the income tax effects of certain elements of the Tax Act; however, reasonable estimates were made in order to record provisional adjustments for areas where analysis is not yet complete. For instance, the tax expense of approximately $17.7 million related to the re-measurement of the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities from the enacted corporate tax rate reduction may be affected by other analyses related to the Tax Act, including but not limited to the transition tax, expenditures that qualify for immediate expensing and the state tax effect of adjustments made to federal temporary differences. Additionally, in calculating the approximate tax expense of $6.5 million related to the inclusion of foreign earnings, the Company is required to determine various components including the amount of accumulated and current earnings and profits of its foreign subsidiaries, the amount of foreign income taxes paid on these earnings, and the cash and equivalents held by its foreign subsidiaries at various prescribed measurement dates. The Company has made a reasonable estimate of this expense and will continue to gather additional information to more precisely compute the expense. The Company is also in the process of evaluating its permanent reinvestment assertions since the Tax Act may provide opportunity to repatriate overseas cash to the U.S. at a lower tax cost. There is a dividends received deduction available for certain foreign distributions under the Tax Act, but certain foreign earnings remain subject to withholding taxes upon repatriation. As of April 1, 2018, the Company has analyzed its global working capital and cash requirements and the potential tax liabilities attributable to repatriation. In the second quarter of fiscal 2018, the Company removed its permanent reinvestment assertion on approximately $25 million of its foreign earnings. During the third quarter of fiscal 2018, the Company made distributions from its foreign earnings related to the

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assertion removal in the second quarter of approximately $18 million. The Company has recorded the estimated tax impact in its condensed consolidated financial statements and continues to evaluate its cash needs and strategic opportunities to repatriate cash.
The Company was able to make a reasonable estimate of the tax effects of the repatriation of those earnings, and the provisional estimate has been recorded in the condensed consolidated financial statements including withholding taxes and currency gain on previously taxed earnings.The Company will continue to gather additional information to more precisely compute the tax impact.
For the remainder of its foreign earnings, approximately $102 million, the Company has yet to determine whether it intends to change its prior assertion and repatriate earnings. Accordingly, deferred taxes attributable to its investments in its foreign subsidiaries have not yet been recorded. The tax effects of any change in the Company’s prior assertion will be recorded in the period that analysis is completed and a reasonable estimate is able to be calculated, and any unrecognized deferred tax liability for temporary differences related to the Company's foreign investments will be disclosed if practicable.
When calculating the income tax provision, the Company uses an estimate of the annual effective tax rate based upon information known at each interim period. The actual effective tax rate is adjusted each quarter based upon changes to the forecast as compared to the beginning of the fiscal year and each following interim period.
The effective tax rate for the third quarter of fiscal 2018 was 26.8%, compared to 32.3% for the same period last year. The effective tax rate for the first nine months of fiscal 2018 was 98.5%, compared to 30.6% for the same period of fiscal 2017. The Company’s fiscal year 2018 tax rates reflect the estimated impact of the Tax Act, including the aforementioned cost of approximately $17.7 million resulting from the re-measurement of the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities as of the second quarter of fiscal 2018 and tax expense related to the inclusion of foreign earnings of approximately $6.5 million. Also as a result of the Tax Act, the Company will be subject to a U.S. federal statutory corporate income tax rate of 28% for the fiscal year ending July 1, 2018 and a U.S. federal statutory corporate income tax rate of 21% in future fiscal years.

The effective tax rates for the third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2017 were primarily driven by the U.S. research and development tax credit and foreign earnings in jurisdictions with tax rates that vary from the U.S. statutory rate. The tax rate for the first nine months of fiscal 2017 was also impacted by the reversal of previously recorded reserves as the result of the effective settlement of the Company’s IRS audit for its fiscal years 2010 and 2013 consolidated income tax and the establishment of a valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets of the Company’s Brazilian subsidiary.

12. Commitments and Contingencies

The Company is subject to various unresolved legal actions that arise in the normal course of its business. These actions typically relate to product liability (including asbestos-related liability), patent and trademark matters, and disputes with customers, suppliers, distributors and dealers, competitors and employees.

On May 12, 2010, Exmark Manufacturing Company, Inc. filed suit against Briggs & Stratton Power Products Group, LLC (“BSPPG”), a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company that was subsequently merged with and into the Company on January 1, 2017 (Case No. 8:10CV187, U.S. District Court for the District of Nebraska), alleging that certain Ferris® and Snapper Pro® mower decks infringed an Exmark mower deck patent. Exmark sought damages relating to sales since May 2004, attorneys’ fees, and enhanced damages. As a result of a reexamination proceeding in 2012, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) initially rejected the asserted Exmark claims as invalid.  However, in 2014, that decision was reversed by the USPTO on appeal by Exmark. Following discovery, each of BSPPG and Exmark filed several motions for summary judgment in the Nebraska district court, which were decided on July 28, 2015. The court concluded that older mower deck designs infringed Exmark’s patent, leaving for trial the issues of whether current designs infringed, the amount of damages, and whether any infringement was willful.

The trial began on September 8, 2015, and on September 18, 2015, the jury returned its verdict, finding that BSPPG’s current mower deck designs do not infringe the Exmark patent. As to the older designs, the jury awarded Exmark $24.3 million in damages and found that the infringement was willful, allowing the judge to enhance the jury’s damages award post-trial by up to three times. Also on September 18, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the

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Federal Circuit issued its decision in an unrelated case, SCA Hygiene Products Aktiebolag SCA Personal Care, Inc. v. First Quality Baby Products, LLC, et al. (Case No. 2013-1564) (“SCA”), confirming the availability of laches as a defense to patent infringement claims. Laches is an equitable doctrine that may bar a patent owner from obtaining damages prior to commencing suit, in circumstances in which the owner knows or should have known its patent was being infringed for more than six years. Although the court in the Exmark case ruled before trial that BSPPG could not rely on the defense of laches, as a result of the subsequent SCA decision, the court held a bench trial on that defense on October 21 and 22, 2015. On May 2, 2016, the United States Supreme Court agreed to review the SCA decision.

The parties submitted post-trial motions and briefing related to: damages; willfulness; laches; attorney fees; enhanced damages; and prejudgment/post-judgment interest and costs.  All post-trial motions and briefing were completed on December 18, 2015. On May 11, 2016, the court ruled on those post-trial motions and entered judgment against BSPPG and in favor of Exmark in the amount of $24.3 million in compensatory damages, an additional $24.3 million in enhanced damages, and $1.5 million in pre-judgment interest along with post-judgment interest and costs to be determined. The Company strongly disagrees with the jury verdict, certain rulings made before and during trial, and the May 11, 2016 post-trial rulings. BSPPG appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit on several bases, including the issues of obviousness and invalidity of Exmark’s patent, the damages calculation, willfulness and laches.

Following briefing of the appeal and prior to oral argument, the United States Supreme Court overturned the SCA decision, ruling that laches is not available in a patent infringement case for damages. That ruling eliminated laches as one basis for BSPPG’s appeal of the Exmark case. The appellate court held a hearing on the remainder of BSPPG’s appeal on April 5, 2017 and issued its decision on January 12, 2018. The appellate court found that the district court erred in granting summary judgment concerning the patent’s validity and remanded that issue to the district court for reconsideration. The appellate court also vacated the jury’s damages award and the district court’s award of enhanced damages, remanding the case to the district court for a new trial on damages and reconsideration on willfulness. The appellate court affirmed the district court rulings in all other respects. The new trial has been scheduled to begin on December 10, 2018. The parties are currently in the process of briefing pre-trial motions.

In assessing whether the Company should accrue a liability in its financial statements as a result of the May 11, 2016 post-trial rulings and related matters, the Company considered various factors, including the legal and factual circumstances of the case, the trial record, the post-trial orders, the current status of the proceedings, applicable law, the views of legal counsel, and the decision of the appellate court. As a result of this review, the Company has concluded that a loss from this case is not probable and reasonably estimable at this time and, therefore, a liability has not been recorded with respect to this case as of April 1, 2018.

Although it is not possible to predict with certainty the outcome of this and other unresolved legal actions or the range of possible loss, the Company believes the unresolved legal actions will not have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

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13. Segment Information

The Company aggregates operating segments that have similar economic characteristics, products, production processes, types or classes of customers and distribution methods into reportable segments. The Company concluded that it operates two reportable segments: Engines and Products. The Company uses “segment income (loss)” as the primary measure to evaluate operating performance and allocate capital resources for the Engines and Products Segments. For all periods presented, segment income (loss) is equal to income (loss) from operations. Summarized segment data is as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
NET SALES:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Engines
 
$
384,292

 
$
391,063

 
$
790,543

 
$
806,298

Products
 
245,169

 
233,510

 
653,845

 
575,007

Inter-Segment Eliminations
 
(25,392
)
 
(27,608
)
 
(64,789
)
 
(69,307
)
Total*
 
$
604,069

 
$
596,965

 
$
1,379,599

 
$
1,311,998

* International sales included in net sales based on product shipment destination
 
$
160,653

 
$
171,565

 
$
432,538

 
$
440,179

GROSS PROFIT:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Engines
 
$
96,780

 
$
98,814

 
$
183,428

 
$
191,373

Products
 
32,773

 
34,946

 
105,570

 
91,075

Inter-Segment Eliminations
 
720

 
1,011

 
405

 
251

Total
 
$
130,273

 
$
134,771

 
$
289,403

 
$
282,699

SEGMENT INCOME:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Engines
 
$
47,989

 
$
50,946

 
$
36,590

 
$
57,216

Products
 
2,392

 
5,614

 
14,356

 
9,177

Inter-Segment Eliminations
 
720

 
1,011

 
405

 
251

Total
 
$
51,101

 
$
57,571

 
$
51,351

 
$
66,644

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Pre-tax business optimization charges included in gross profit were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
Engines
 
$
903

 
$

 
$
2,031

 
$

Products
 
971

 

 
2,493

 

Total
 
$
1,874

 
$

 
$
4,524

 
$

    
Pre-tax business optimization charges included in segment income (loss) were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
 
April 1,
2018
 
April 2,
2017
Engines
 
$
2,896

 
$

 
$
7,243

 
$

Products
 
1,309

 

 
5,259

 

Total
 
$
4,205

 
$

 
$
12,502

 
$


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14. Debt

The following is a summary of the Company’s indebtedness (in thousands):
 
 
April 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
Multicurrency Credit Agreement
 
$
131,556

 
$

Total Short-Term Debt
 
$
131,556

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
Note Payable (NMTC transaction)
 
$
7,685

 
$

Unamortized Debt Issuance Costs associated with Note Payable
 
1,050

 

 
 
$
6,635

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
6.875% Senior Notes
 
$
203,368

 
$
223,149

Unamortized Debt Issuance Costs associated with 6.875% Senior Notes
 
1,036

 
1,356

 
 
$
202,332

 
$
221,793

Total Long-Term Debt
 
$
208,967

 
$
221,793

 
On December 20, 2010, the Company issued $225 million of 6.875% Senior Notes ("Senior Notes") due December 15, 2020. During the three and nine month periods ended April 1, 2018, the Company repurchased $19.8 million of the Senior Notes after receiving unsolicited offers from bondholders. There were no repurchases during the three and nine month periods ended April 2, 2017.

On March 25, 2016, the Company entered into a $500 million amended and restated multicurrency credit agreement (the “Revolver”) that matures on March 25, 2021. The Revolver amended and restated the Company’s $500 million multicurrency credit agreement dated as of October 13, 2011 (as previously amended), which would have matured on October 21, 2018. The initial maximum availability under the Revolver is $500 million. Availability under the revolving credit facility is reduced by outstanding letters of credit. The Company may from time to time increase the maximum availability under the revolving credit facility by up to $250 million if certain conditions are satisfied. As of April 1, 2018, $131.6 million was outstanding under the Revolver. There were no borrowings under the Revolver as of July 2, 2017. The Company classifies debt issuance costs related to the Revolver as an asset, regardless of whether it has any outstanding borrowings on the line of credit arrangements.

The Senior Notes and the Revolver contain restrictive covenants. These covenants include restrictions on the ability of the Company and/or certain subsidiaries to pay dividends, repurchase equity interests of the Company and certain subsidiaries, incur indebtedness, create liens, consolidate and merge and dispose of assets, and enter into transactions with the Company's affiliates. The Revolver contains financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a minimum interest coverage ratio and impose on the Company a maximum average leverage ratio.

On August 16, 2017, the Company entered into a financing transaction with SunTrust Community Capital, LLC (“SunTrust”) related to the Company's business optimization program under the New Markets Tax Credit (“NMTC”) program. The NMTC program was provided for in the Community Renewal Tax Relief Act of 2000 (the “Act”) and is intended to induce capital investment in qualified low-income communities. The Act permits taxpayers to claim credits against their Federal income taxes for qualified investments in the equity of community development entities (“CDEs”). CDEs are privately managed investment institutions that are certified to make qualified low-income community investments (“QLICIs”).
 
In connection with the financing, one of the Company’s subsidiaries loaned approximately $16 million to an investment fund, and simultaneously, SunTrust contributed approximately $8 million to the investment fund. SunTrust is entitled to substantially all of the benefits derived from the NMTCs. SunTrust’s contribution, net of syndication fees, is included in Other Long-Term Liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets. The Company incurred approximately $1.2 million in new debt issuance costs, which are being amortized over the life of the note payable. The investment fund contributed the proceeds to certain CDEs, which, in turn, loaned the funds to the Company, as partial financing for the business optimization program. The proceeds of the loans from the CDEs (including loans representing the capital contribution made by SunTrust, net of syndication fees) are restricted for

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use on the project. Restricted cash of $9.1 million held by the Company at April 1, 2018 is included in Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet.

This financing also includes a put/call provision that can be exercised beginning in August 2024 whereby the Company may be obligated or entitled to repurchase SunTrust’s interest in the investment fund for a de minimis amount.
 
The Company has determined that the financing arrangement is a variable interest entity (“VIE”) and has consolidated the VIE in accordance with the accounting standard for consolidation.


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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following table is a reconciliation of financial results by segment, as reported, to adjusted financial results by segment, excluding business optimization charges, goodwill impairment charges, and charges as a result of the implementation of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”) for the three months ended fiscal March 2018 and 2017 (in thousands, except per share data):
 
 
Three Months Ended Fiscal March
 
 
2018 Reported
 
Adjustments(1)
 
2018 Adjusted(2)
 
2017 Reported
 
Adjustments
 
2017 Adjusted(2)
Gross Profit:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Engines
 
$
96,780

 
$
903

 
$
97,683

 
$
98,814

 
$

 
$
98,814

Products
 
32,773

 
971

 
33,744

 
34,946

 

 
34,946

Inter-Segment Eliminations
 
720

 

 
720

 
1,011

 

 
1,011

Total
 
$
130,273

 
$
1,874

 
$
132,147

 
$
134,771

 
$

 
$
134,771

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Engineering, Selling, General and Administrative Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Engines
 
$
48,853

 
$
587